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by Bruce E. Ruben MD

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) refers to a long-term condition where the veins inside the legs have lost their ability to move blood back up to the heart from the legs. This occurs because the vein walls have weakened to the point where the venous pumps are no longer sufficient enough to send blood back up, against gravity, to the heart. CVI also affects the tiny valves inside the leg veins. When these valves do not close sufficiently, blood seeps back down past the valves and pools in the lower legs.

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em>By Rob Striks, Special Writer
Encompass HealthCare and Wound Medicine

One of the most heartbreaking scenes in Forrest Gump is when Lieutenant Dan is coming to grips with the loss of his legs. Robbed of his perceived destiny of dying proudly in battle like his ancestors, and with the weight of his world collapsing down on him, an exhausted Lt. Dan Taylor sighs, "What am I going to do now?"

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By Bruce E. Ruben MD

Today in 2014, there should be no question that tobacco use is one of the worst things you can do to your body. There have been hundreds of scientific studies. This subject is extremely well documented.

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By Bruce E. Ruben MD

According to the American Hospital Association, over 36 million patients are admitted to hospitals every year. Presumably, these patients go to hospitals to get well, but one in 20 end up getting something else: an infection. Worse, one in nine of those infections result in death.

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By Bruce E. Ruben MD

Before you can delve into the vicious and deadly world of necrotizing fasciitis, the ghastly "flesh-eating disease" that's been widely reported by the media, you have to understand something about the bacteria that causes it and who is most susceptible to this rare condition.

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By Bruce E. Ruben MD

Osteomyelitis is an infection and inflammation of the bone or bone marrow caused by bacteria or other germs. Osteomyelitis is most often caused by the bacteria Staphylococcus, though it can also be caused by a fungus or other germs. With osteomyelitis, bacteria can spread to a bone from infected skin, muscles, or tendons in close proximity to the bone.

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By Bruce E. Ruben MD

Part 2 in a series on infection management
For Part 1, click here

Our skin is our largest organ and performs a myriad of functions, including pain sensation, pressure sensitivity, temperature regulation and water conservation.

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By Bruce E. Ruben MD

Part 1 in a series on infection management

What is an Infection?

The world of bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites has a long and storied place in the human condition. Way more often than not, bacteria live normally on our skin and line our entire gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus.

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By Bruce E. Ruben MD

In order to understand the use of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) to heal burns, it is first important to understand the four burn classifications.

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