Terms to Know: Skin Microbiome

DMCA.com Protection Status

Absorbent briefs: Briefs used to absorb urine and stool and to help prevent moisture-associated skin damage in patients with incontinence issues. Briefs with high breathability and wicking help to maintain the skin microclimate.

Barrier products: Creams, sprays, wipes, or other products used to seal the skin and protect it from breakdown caused by moisture or incontinence.

Cyanoacrylates: A skin sealant that bonds to the skin surface and integrates with the epidermis. Cyanoacrylates are strong and resistant to washing off.

Dermis: The innermost layer of skin. It is found under the basement membrane zone and is primarily a connective tissue.

Erythema: A result of injury or irritation that causes dilation of blood capillaries and manifests as patchy reddening of the skin. This is often a symptom of moisture-associated skin damage.

Incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD): Dermatitis caused by exposure to the products of incontinence (urine, feces).

Intertriginous dermatitis (ITD or intertrigo): Inflammatory dermatosis of opposing skin surfaces caused by moisture. Intertrigo is often found in skin folds.

Lipid matrix: Substance responsible for slowing the movement of water and electrocytes as well as storing water needed for adequate hydration.

Microclimate: The skin flora, temperature, and pH, which help to repel water and prevent infection and breakdown. The microclimate can be interrupted by increased pH levels, exposure to incontinence, or prolonged presence of humidity.

Moisture-associated skin damage (MASD): Breakdown of the skin caused by prolonged exposure to moisture, such as perspiration, saliva, mucus, exudate, and incontinence. MASD caused by exposure to incontinence can occur more rapidly because of enzymes found in urine and fecal matter that can irritate the skin.

Stratum corneum: Also called the epidermis, the outermost layer of the skin. It is composed of a unified layering of keratinocytes held together by lipids.

The views and opinions expressed in this blog are solely those of the author, and do not represent the views of WoundSource, HMP Global, its affiliates, or subsidiary companies.

Recommended for You

  • March 19th, 2021

    Moisture-associated skin damage (MASD) is a common problem for wound clinicians. It connotes a spectrum of skin damage caused by inflammation and erosion (or denudation) of the epidermis resulting from prolonged exposure to various sources of moisture and potential irritants. These can include...

  • April 14th, 2022

    By Cheryl Carver, LPN, WCC, CWCA, MAPWCA, FACCWS

    Many of us will eventually take on a caregiver role in one form or another. According to the 2020 update, the number of family caregivers in the United States increased by 9.5 million between 2015 and 2020. More than one in every...

  • May 21st, 2022

    By Jeffrey M. Levine, MD, AGSF, CWSP

    The malodor that emanates from some wounds has been recognized throughout human history, as starkly demonstrated in the ancient Greek play named after the principal character, Philoctetes. Written by Sophocles in the fifth century BCE,...

Important Notice: The contents of the website such as text, graphics, images, and other materials contained on the website ("Content") are for informational purposes only. The Content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. The content is not intended to substitute manufacturer instructions. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or product usage. Refer to the Legal Notice for express terms of use.